Yalow, Rosalyn (born 1921) physicist, Nobel Prize winner
In 1976, Dr. Rosalyn Yalow became the first woman to win the Albert Lasker Prize for Basic Medical Research. One year later, in 1977, she became the second woman ever to win a Nobel Prize in Medicine. Working at the Bronx Veterans Administration with Solomon A. Berson, she had developed radioimmunoassay (RIA), a system that enables scientists to detect minute traces of antigens, hormones, and drugs within blood and other fluids. In her oral history interview, Dr. Yalow discusses her experiences in a field that included few women and few Jews and managing her professional work and family life.